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Knowledgebase: Trains
How are the train carriages laid out?
Posted by Aleksandra Kasaeva, Last modified by Aleksandra Kasaeva on 24 March 2017 02:04 PM
There are several different carriage layouts that most of the trains in Russia stick to. Some may vary slightly, and some of the privately owned trains (such as the Grand Express) may vary greatly but, as a rule, the following descriptions are accurate in most cases. You can find more detailed information on our Carriage Classes page. 
• First Class - Sleeper
• First Class - Seated
• Second Class - Sleeper
• Second Class - Seated
• Third Class - Sleeper

First Class - Sleeper

First class carriages are made up of nine cabins, each for two people sharing; though sole occupancy is possible if you buy both tickets. There are usually two lower berths in each cabin that can transform between couch and bed with a small table between them. Occasionally one berth may be above the other, in which case only the bottom bed will transform in to a couch. At each end of the carriage are toilets with washing facilities. A provodnitsa will have a room in the carriage from where they will ensure the carriage is tidy, and that all travellers have a point of contact for any problems.

First Class - Seated

Seated first class carriages can generally be found on the Sapsan and Allegro trains. They offer extended leg space and are laid out in much the same way as European trains; with one or two seats either side of an aisle. Luggage space can usually be found to the rear of the carriage.

Second Class - Sleeper

Second class is made up of nine cabins in much the same way as first class, though there are four people to a cabin rather than two. It is possible for two passengers to buy two tickets each to approximate the feeling of first class on a smaller budget. There are two lower bunks that, like first class, perform the function of being both a couch and a bed, with two additional fold out bunks above these; again, there is a table between the bottom two bunks. At each end of the carriage are toilets with washing facilities. A provodnitsa will have a room in the carriage from where they will ensure the carriage is tidy, and that all travellers have a point of contact for any problems.

Second Class - Seated

Second class seats are laid out in a standard European train configuration with two sets of two seats separated by a small aisle. The seats are comfortable, though without the added leg room of first class. Luggage space can usually be found at either end of the carriage.

Third Class - Sleeper

Third class is made up of ‘open cabins’, each with space for up to six people. Each ‘cabin’ offers the same two up, two down layouts as second class (though the beds do not fold up, or become sofas) with two additional bunks in the corridor, one above the other. Up to 54 people can travel in each carriage. At either end of each carriage are toilets with washing facilities.

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